A gun drill is a type of deep hole drill that specializes in cutting the required tolerances of hole roundness, straightness, size, finish, and concentricity in one pass. Though it can cut any size hole, the gun drill is especially desirable for very deep hole drilling, able to machine parts at up to a 300:1 depth-to-diameter ratio.
The gun drill was invented over 100 years ago to machine gun barrels. The basic innovation of forcing chips outward down a long fluted drill soon lent itself to many more operations than this, however. A gun drill produces consistent hole quality of whatever depth with a high degree of consistency, repeatability, and accuracy, while requiring minimal supervision.
A gun drilled piece does not require any secondary operations after its initial pass. Reaming, honing, deburring, and their associated time and energy costs are unnecessary. Constant flow of pressurized coolant not only flushes any chips directly into a chip box, resulting in a clear work area, but also cools the drilling area and increases tooling life. Overall, a gun drill provides: lower fixturing costs; increased productivity; quick, simple conversion from job to job; the ability to handle both production and job shop quantities; the ability to multiple load like parts; and the capability of regrinding drill heads much greater than standard twist drills.
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The primary purpose of a gun drill is to drill consistent holes in one pass. The machine work is therefore fairly simple. The entire machine consists of the gun drill itself, the machine, the coolant supply system, the workholding fixture, and the part handling equipment. 7
The gun drill is a long tool, generally with a detachable carbide tip at the end of a narrow shank and ending in a driver that connects to the workholder. Since the drill head is fairly flat the hole is usually begun with the aid of a bushing. After this point, the drill is essentially self-piloting. 8
There is a small hollow running down the entire length of the gundrill, as well as a fluted notch running along the side. As the drill rotates and cuts the metal, the coolant system pushes high-pressure coolant down the hollow pathway, forcing the chips back outward along the fluting and directly into the chip box.
The machine that controls this process may be either conventional, N/C, or CNC, and may feature multiple spindles or spindles with counter-rotation to the gundrill itself.
Part handling may involve an optional knee-bed system to aid in quick changeover.
Aerospace Automotive Defense Hydraulics Mining Mold-making
Virtually any industry requiring the production of close tolerance holes may utilize a gundrill.
Eldorado, DeHoff, Mollart, Miroku, Phillips, TechniDrill, Unisig
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